gas price
The price of regular unleaded gasoline hit $4.599 per gallon Friday, May 27, 2022, at the Oncue station at East Lindsey Street and Classen Boulevard in Norman, Oklahoma. (Katie Hallum)

WASHINGTON — As the average gas price in Oklahoma has soared to record highs, the state’s junior senator has joined fellow Republicans in challenging the White House for its response to the energy crisis.

Average prices jumped above $4 for the first time in the energy-rich state. Oklahoma had been one of only three states that had managed to stay below $4 until last week.

Jeffrey Lewis of Norman said Friday that he is spending $40 to $60 per week now for gas.

“Having to consciously consider gas in my weekly budget again has really impacted the way I plan meals,” Lewis said. “I can’t eat out near as much as I used to.”

Many factors have led to these skyrocketing prices, but Republican senators held a recent press conference to demand a change be made in order to pull the country out of this crisis.

Gaylord NewsThis story was reported by Gaylord News, a Washington reporting project of the Gaylord College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Oklahoma.

At the news conference, Sen. James Lankford (R-OK) said the prices are affecting Oklahomans and pointed to a line graph headlined, “Biden is driving up fuel prices.”

“When Oklahomans ask me why are prices up so high I can point to this,” he said. “Because the price of diesel is up, that means every single thing we buy that is transported by diesel truck all just went up in price. We are feeling the effects on every single area of the economy because President (Joe) Biden is unwilling to deal with the base of our economy. That is energy, that’s energy prices.”

White House officials reportedly are considering a release of diesel fuel from federal reserves to help address the skyrocketing prices.

According to AAA Gas Prices, the average gas price in Oklahoma on Sunday had reached $4.14. A year ago, that price stood at $2.738. Diesel fuel was selling for an average of $5.06 per gallon.

‘The summer of the energy crisis’

The soaring prices have put a strain on many vulnerable Oklahoma families. Some families are having to choose between gas to get them to work, putting food on the table and paying mortgages.

“This is going to probably go down as the summer of the energy crisis. Maybe for the most vulnerable households, or households that really truly do need the assistance,” said Greg Burge, chairman of the University of Oklahoma Economics Department. “There are some sort of temporary measures that can kind of pair with those high energy prices — small tax rebates, credits for families that are low income, that have kids — and we kind of know from the data that’s sort of a situation where you need to do the driving.”

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, consumption of natural gas peaks in the summer when demand for electricity is the highest, with a smaller peak in the winter months. Gas prices reaching record highs in every state has put vulnerable families in a hard place as they begin the transition to summer, the season of highest energy consumption. This makes traveling harder while also making everyday life more stringent.

An April 6 briefing memo from staff of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce noted the challenge.

“Persistently high gasoline prices are a financial challenge for many Americans and disproportionately impact lower-earning Americans, who are more likely to spend a greater share of their annual income on gasoline,” the memo stated. “Nine oil companies, on the other hand, are making significant profits, with the six companies testifying at this hearing collectively generating more than $76 billion in profit in 2021.”

According to the Energy Information Agency, the price of gas is affected by many factors, the leading one being the price of crude oil, consisting of 61 percent of the cost of one gallon. The price of crude oil is affected by several factors, including global production levels, inventory balances, demand trends, and geopolitical events, such as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The remaining factors affecting the price are the costs of refinement (14 percent), distribution and marketing (11 percent), and taxes (14 percent).

“While we are seeing prices level off, uncertainty still continues, which creates volatility and I don’t believe we are out of the woods yet,” said Rick Muncrief, CEO of Devon Energy in a hearing with the Energy and Commerce Committee on April 6. “Shifting our operations, Devon operates on private, state, federal and Indian leases and must follow numerous stringent permitting processes before we can begin production.”

Muncrief offered no further comments following the hearing despite the record-breaking prices.

Efforts to tame the surge in energy prices have had little impact. In late March, Biden announced he would begin releasing 1 million barrels of oil per day for the next six months from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

“One of the things I’m starting to get a little bit worried about is, for the first six or seven weeks of the Russian invasion, people were talking about, ‘We’ll just release some of our strategic oil reserves,'” said Burge, the OU economics professor. “We have strategic petroleum reserves in our country, and heading into the summer they were at pretty historically average levels. Now, they’re at unprecedentedly low levels. ”

With no end in sight to this energy crisis, Lankford has written two letters to Biden asking to restore America’s energy dominance. With his fellow Republican colleagues, he called on the Biden administration to help increase American oil production in order to alleviate the pain at the pump.

“I think it’s probably going a little bit overboard to say that it’s all related to steps that the Biden administration took because, clearly, a big part of this is the disruption in supply chain and all this stuff going on in Ukraine and the ongoing conflict,” said Burge. “I think that the truth probably lies somewhere in the middle.”

(Editor’s note: Gaylord News reporter Katie Hallum in Norman contributed to this report.)